At present, the food industry is gradually developing constantly, leading to the development of the packaging industry. Packaging is an indispensable thing to protect the food inside from collisions during transportation. The following article will answer for you what food packaging is, the common types of food packaging available on the market.
1. What is food packaging?
2. Classification of food packaging according to current common materials
2.1. Wooden packaging
2.2. Metal packaging
Unlike wood, metal can overcome the destructive state of mold, rats and termites. However, packaging for food made of metal has a relatively high cost and heavy weight. Besides, they are often used to preserve some special goods such as flammable, explosive, volatile, liquid food,… In addition, businesses can also reuse these types of goods. This packaging many times, help save costs, protect the environment.
2.3. Paper, carton and paperboard packaging
Of all the types of food packaging, paper, carton or paperboard packaging is the most popular. They account for more than 70% of the total used packaging on the market today. This type of material has the following properties: easy to fold, print information, resistant to germs and bacteria, non-toxic, and can be recovered and recycled to use for other goods.
2.4. Glass and ceramic packaging
There are some typical foods that are usually packaged in glass or ceramic packaging, such as beverages, soft drinks, liquid foods, etc. Due to their non-reactive properties with goods metal and ceramic packaging is very safe for the preservation process. However, they are quite fragile items during vibration and transportation.
2.5. Textile packaging
Textile packaging is mainly produced from jute, cloth, hemp and nylon fibers. The property of this material is soft, easy to use and is often used to store various grain foods. However, the packaging of textiles is very susceptible to dirt and insects, affecting the quality of the food inside.
2.6. Packaging made of rattan, bamboo, woven bamboo
With available materials, packaging made of rattan, bamboo or woven cork is very easy to produce. Thanks to their toughness, they are often found with different shapes from baskets, baskets to baskets and baskets. This type is often used in the process of transporting vegetables, fruits and some other agricultural products.
2.7. Packaging made of man-made materials
As the name suggests, packaging made of artificial materials is manufactured in the industrial process, usually it will be hard plastic packaging, polymers, plastic films, artificial rubber, etc. This type of packaging is also very popular. It is widely used in the transportation and preservation of food. They go alone but can also be combined with many other materials to create complete packaging.
In addition, there are several types of frozen food packaging manufactured from special materials such as PET/PE, PET/MPET/PE, PA/PE, OPP/MCPP, etc.
3. Functions of different types of food packaging
3.1. Contain and preserve products
3.2. Identify information on food packaging
3.3. Commercial function
Regardless of the type of food, the outer packaging also helps to attract, bring interest and curiosity to customers. They act as an effective advertising medium, directly influencing the purchasing ability of many consumers.
4. Standard food packaging production process
To make a standard packaging product, food packaging manufacturers have to go through many different processes. And the production process of each type of packaging is not exactly the same because they depend on the material, but in general, the process of producing food packaging is common:
The process of making common food packaging
- Gravure printing: This is the process of printing packages with thin film materials in rolls. This process can take place continuously with many different colors at the request of the customer.
- Lamination: Plastic, aluminum or paper are often laminated instead of gravure printing.
- Roll division: In this step, the manufacturing plants will divide the rolls by quantity, which makes delivery and inspection easy. The different sizes of each type of packaging are also clearly classified.
- Packaging: After completing all the food packaging processes, from printing, designing to producing finished products, they are finally packed and delivered to customers..
It can be said that food packaging plays an important and indispensable role in preserving, transporting and performing commercial functions to customers. Hopefully the above information of Hung Phat plastic packaging can help you understand more about the types of packaging available on the market today..
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